Standing Before G-d

Parashat Vayikra 5781
Rabbi Shmuel Rabinowitz, Rabbi of the Western Wall and Holy Sites
This coming Shabbat, we begin reading the book of Leviticus.  This book, the third of the five books of the Torah, is also called Torat Kohanim, the Torah of the priests, because of its focus on laws pertaining to priesthood: the offering of sacrifices and the laws of purity and impurity.  These topics are far removed from the consciousness of someone in our times.  The book of Leviticus raises topics we do not think about in our daily lives, and actually therefore, it is thought-provoking and cultivates ideas we would not have thought about were it not for this book.
Standing Before G-d

The first comprehensive topic is that of sacrifices.  There are sacrifices which are obligatory and others that are optional; those that the person bringing them takes part in eating them and others that only the kohanim (priests) partake in eating, and yet others that are wholly burned on the altar. When we try to understand the significance of the sacrifices, we find it hard to see what purpose they served.  As opposed to the idolatrous concept that sees gods as having needs that are answered by humans, Judaism believes in one G-d Who has no need of food or material goods brought to Him by humans.  So, why were sacrifices offered?

The sacrifices are fundamentally an expression of standing before G-d.  The acknowledgement of G-d’s existence demands that a person experience a sense of nullification in the face of Divine glory and power.  This is the basic religious experience and it is the beginning of the encounter between man and G-d.  It is an encounter between a transient, flesh and blood, powerless mortal and the forceful and mighty Creator of the Universe Who bequeaths us existence; the G-d of life.  The essence of this encounter is complete submission.

By offering a sacrifice, a person expresses the maximum nullification he can feel: giving life to G-d.  In the symbolic sense, the sacrifice represents the person, and when the person brings the sacrifice to the Temple, he expresses his devotion to G-d and the nullification he feels.  This experience might seem foreign to a person in our times, but it is a profound religious experience, and surprisingly also especially significant and transcendent.

The book of Leviticus teaches us about an additional aspect of sacrifices.  The actual act of sacrificing was familiar to us also from the books of Genesis and Exodus.  Truthfully, also those who were not part of the Jewish nation could offer sacrifices to G-d.  But the book of Leviticus invites the Jewish nation to offer sacrifices at “the entrance of the Tent of Congregation,” the Temple of the G-d of Israel.  Additionally, the innovation in the book of Leviticus is the sacrifice called “Shelamim,” in which a person who brings the sacrifice takes part in eating it.  It is a sort of feast that G-d – through the meat burned on the altar – and the kohanim and the person who brings the sacrifice all take part in.

The book of Leviticus is a book of friendship and amiability with Divine inspiration.  Leviticus can be seen as a meticulous book full of specific and pedantic details on offering the sacrifices, laws of impurity and purity, laws relating to the kashrut of food, etc.  But this would be a partial view.  It is like a person invited to a fancy ball, and when he is asked to describe the experience, he focuses on the strict demands of the dress code that suited the ceremony and the official rules and manners that were forced upon him.  Indeed, the uplifting encounter demands a lot of preparation and suitable behavior; but that is not the essence of the encounter.  Another example would be a person who visits a prestigious museum but the experience etched in his mind is the fact that he was prohibited from touching the exhibit.  Even when caution is demanded, that is not the museum’s purpose; it exists for the knowledge and insight we can gain from the exhibits.

The sacrifices were a particularly uplifting religious experience, and for that experience to be precise and correct, many precise halachot (Jewish laws) were necessary.  But that is not the essence of the encounter between man and G-d.  The essential and significant experience is nullification from one side, and friendship and love on the other.  The book of Leviticus invites us to get a taste of that same ancient experience.


Today October 18, 2021

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Standing Before G-d

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Interesting Facts

The Western Wall Plaza hosts approximately 60,000 people. It symbolizes the Jewish link to Jerusalem and serves as the synagogue closest to the remains of both Holy Temples.
The Western Wall's visible stones tell of its history from the time of the Holy Temples' ruin. The original Herodian stones are distinct from the others in size and in their unique borders.
The building style of "grading" used when layering the Western Wall's stones, teaches us that the Temple Mount's walls were not perpendicular but marginally sloping.
Standing Before G-d

Parasha of the Week

Notice for Women's Section in Tunnels

The women's section in the Western Wall Tunnels closes on Fridays at 13:00 and opens again about 15 minutes before Shabbat begins.

Event Calendar

19 Elul 5781
August 27, 2021
10 Elul 5781
August 18, 2021
Japan’s Foreign Minister, Mr. Toshimitsu Motegi, visited the Western Wall Plaza and was greeted

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